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Pourquoi Freud a-t-il abandonné l'hypnose ?

Demandé et répondu par Anonyme le 16-Jun-2005 12:53

Pourquoi Freud a-t-il abandonné l'hypnose ?

Il y aurait énormément à  dire à  ce sujet. En quelques mots, disons que Freud a commencé à  pratiquer la méhode hypnothérapeutique de Hippolyte Bernheim : induction autoirtaire ("Dormez, je le veux !") et suggestion autoritaire de disparition du symptôme. Il n'a pas obtenu de réusltats enthousiasmants et quand ça marchait quand même, cela l'énervait parce qu'il ne comprenait pas pourquoi. Il a ensuite essayé d'interroger sous hypnose ses patients pour qu'ils lui racontent l'origine de leur symptôme. C'est ce qu'il a appelé méthode cathartique ou méthode d'abréaction. Les résultats étaient plutôt bons, à  ce qu'il en dit, mais le problème était qu'il n'arrivait pas à  hypnotiser tout le monde. En réalité il a ainsi favorisé involontairement quantité de faux souvenirs d'abus sexuels et d'incestes qui ont sans doute plus fait de tort que de bien à  ses patients, et quand cela leur faisait plutôt du bien, il continuait à  ne pas comprendre le rôle exact de l'hypnose dans tout cela. Il a donc décidé d'abandonner l'hypnose au profit de la méthode d'association libre, censée être plus efficace. Ce faisant,il a jeté le bébé avec l'eau du bain et s'est privé d'un outil qui continue à  démontrer aujourd'hui son utilité. Cette utilité apparaît d'autant plus que les cures psychanalytiques sont devenues.

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